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Dokument Type: Article
metadata.dc.title: Defective defence in Daphnia daughters: silver nanoparticles inhibit anti-predator defence in offspring but not in maternal Daphnia magna
Authors: Witte, Klaudia 
Hartmann, Sarah 
Beasley, Anna 
Mozhayeva, Darya 
Engelhard, Carsten 
Institute: Institut für Biologie 
Free keywords: Silver nanoparticles, Defence, Daphnia offspring
Dewey Decimal Classification: 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Issue Date: 2020
Publish Date: 2021
Source: Scientific Reports ; 10, Article number: 8021. -
One major environmental problem of our time are emerging contaminants in the aquatic environment. While nanoparticles exhibit attractive features such as antimicrobial properties in the case of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), earlier studies suggest that NPs are not completely filtered out at wastewater treatment plants and may therefore be continuously introduced into the aquatic environment. Although adverse effects of AgNPs on aquatic organisms have been extensively studied, there is still a lack of knowledge on how this chemical stressor interacts with natural cues on the maternal and subsequent generation of aquatic organisms. We tested whether AgNPs (NM-300K, 14.9 ± 2.4 nm, concentration range: 2.5 µg/L – 20 µg/L) affect the kairomone-induced adaptive anti-predator defence mechanism in maternal Daphnia and their offspring. While maternal Daphnia developed typical anti-predator defence mechanisms when exposed to kairomones and AgNPs, their offspring could not develop such adaptive defensive traits. The lack of this defence mechanism in offspring could have dramatic negative consequences (e.g. reduced Daphnia population) for the entire complex food web in the aquatic ecosystem. For a realistic risk assessment, it is extremely important to test combinations of chemical stressors because aquatic organisms are exposed to several natural and artificial chemical stressors at the same time.
Finanziert aus dem Open-Access-Publikationsfonds der Universität Siegen für Zeitschriftenartikel.
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:467-19229
Appears in Collections:Publikationen aus der Universität Siegen

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