Citation link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25819/ubsi/10057
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
Delay_of_gratification.pdf444.47 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open
Dokument Type: Article
metadata.dc.title: Delay of gratification, delay discounting and their associations with age, episodic future thinking, and future time perspective
Authors: Göllner, Lars M. 
Ballhausen, Nicola 
Kliegel, Matthias 
Forstmeier, Simon 
Institute: Department Erziehungswissenschaft · Psychologie 
Free keywords: Self-regulation, Life span, Delay of gratification, Delay discounting, Future time perspective, Episodic future thinking
Dewey Decimal Classification: 150 Psychologie
GHBS-Clases: HSA
HSX
Issue Date: 2017
Publish Date: 2022
Source: Frontiers in psychology ; 8(2018), Article 2304. - https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02304
Abstract: 
The delay of gratification (DoG) in children is widely investigated with an experimental
procedure originally called the “marshmallow test,” whereas the studies on self-regulation
(SR) in adolescents and adults usually use self-report questionnaires. Delay discounting
(DD) measures simplify the DoG procedure and focus on monetary rewards. The aim of
this study was to investigate age differences in DoG and DD from childhood to old age
using a test that is suitable for both children and adults. Furthermore, investigations were
conducted on the association between DoG/DD and two future orientation constructs
[future time perspective (FTP) and episodic future thinking (EFT)] as well as age differences
in these constructs. Participants from five age groups (9–14, 18–25, 35–55, 65–80, 80+)
participated in the study (N = 96). While we found no age difference for DoG, DD was
the lowest [i.e., self-control (SC) was the highest] in young/middle adults; however, it
was the highest (i.e., SC was the lowest) in children and old/oldest adults. Furthermore,
we found significant age differences for DD and FTP. As predicted, there were strong
correlations between DoG and FTP and between DD and FTP, but not between DoG/DD
and EFT. These results indicate that age differences in SR vary across themeasures used.
Individuals who generally think and act in a future-oriented manner have a stronger ability
to delay gratification.
Description: 
Finanziert aus dem Open-Access-Publikationsfonds der Universität Siegen für Zeitschriftenartikel
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25819/ubsi/10057
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:467-21346
URI: https://dspace.ub.uni-siegen.de/handle/ubsi/2134
Appears in Collections:Publikationen aus der Universität Siegen

This item is protected by original copyright

Show full item record

Page view(s)

78
checked on Aug 12, 2022

Download(s)

25
checked on Aug 12, 2022

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.