Citation link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25819/ubsi/10057
DC FieldValueLanguage
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-2268-3354-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-2001-2522-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-0580-1512-
dc.contributor.authorGöllner, Lars M.-
dc.contributor.authorBallhausen, Nicola-
dc.contributor.authorKliegel, Matthias-
dc.contributor.authorForstmeier, Simon-
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-19T13:02:44Z-
dc.date.available2022-01-19T13:02:44Z-
dc.date.issued2017de
dc.descriptionFinanziert aus dem Open-Access-Publikationsfonds der Universität Siegen für Zeitschriftenartikelde
dc.description.abstractThe delay of gratification (DoG) in children is widely investigated with an experimental procedure originally called the “marshmallow test,” whereas the studies on self-regulation (SR) in adolescents and adults usually use self-report questionnaires. Delay discounting (DD) measures simplify the DoG procedure and focus on monetary rewards. The aim of this study was to investigate age differences in DoG and DD from childhood to old age using a test that is suitable for both children and adults. Furthermore, investigations were conducted on the association between DoG/DD and two future orientation constructs [future time perspective (FTP) and episodic future thinking (EFT)] as well as age differences in these constructs. Participants from five age groups (9–14, 18–25, 35–55, 65–80, 80+) participated in the study (N = 96). While we found no age difference for DoG, DD was the lowest [i.e., self-control (SC) was the highest] in young/middle adults; however, it was the highest (i.e., SC was the lowest) in children and old/oldest adults. Furthermore, we found significant age differences for DD and FTP. As predicted, there were strong correlations between DoG and FTP and between DD and FTP, but not between DoG/DD and EFT. These results indicate that age differences in SR vary across themeasures used. Individuals who generally think and act in a future-oriented manner have a stronger ability to delay gratification.en
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.25819/ubsi/10057-
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.ub.uni-siegen.de/handle/ubsi/2134-
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:hbz:467-21346-
dc.language.isoende
dc.sourceFrontiers in psychology ; 8, article 2304. - https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02304de
dc.subject.ddc150 Psychologiede
dc.subject.otherSelf-regulationen
dc.subject.otherLife spanen
dc.subject.otherDelay of gratificationde
dc.subject.otherDelay discountingde
dc.subject.otherFuture time perspectivede
dc.subject.otherEpisodic future thinkingde
dc.subject.swbLebenslauf / Entwicklungspsychologiede
dc.subject.swbZeitperspektivede
dc.subject.swbZukunftsplanungde
dc.subject.swbBelohnungsaufschubde
dc.titleDelay of gratification, delay discounting and their associations with age, episodic future thinking, and future time perspectiveen
dc.typeArticlede
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
ubsi.publication.affiliationDepartment Erziehungswissenschaft · Psychologiede
ubsi.source.issn1664-1078-
ubsi.source.issued2018de
ubsi.source.issuenumber8de
ubsi.source.pages15de
ubsi.source.placeLausannede
ubsi.source.publisherFrontiers Research Foundationde
ubsi.source.titleFrontiers in psychologyde
ubsi.subject.ghbsHSAde
ubsi.subject.ghbsHSXde
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