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Dokument Type: Article
metadata.dc.title: Delay of gratification, delay discounting and their associations with age, episodic future thinking, and future time perspective
Authors: Göllner, Lars M. 
Ballhausen, Nicola 
Kliegel, Matthias 
Forstmeier, Simon 
Institute: Department Erziehungswissenschaft · Psychologie 
Free keywords: Self-regulation, Life span, Delay of gratification, Delay discounting, Future time perspective, Episodic future thinking
Dewey Decimal Classification: 150 Psychologie
GHBS-Clases: HSA
Issue Date: 2017
Publish Date: 2022
Source: Frontiers in psychology ; 8, article 2304. -
The delay of gratification (DoG) in children is widely investigated with an experimental
procedure originally called the “marshmallow test,” whereas the studies on self-regulation
(SR) in adolescents and adults usually use self-report questionnaires. Delay discounting
(DD) measures simplify the DoG procedure and focus on monetary rewards. The aim of
this study was to investigate age differences in DoG and DD from childhood to old age
using a test that is suitable for both children and adults. Furthermore, investigations were
conducted on the association between DoG/DD and two future orientation constructs
[future time perspective (FTP) and episodic future thinking (EFT)] as well as age differences
in these constructs. Participants from five age groups (9–14, 18–25, 35–55, 65–80, 80+)
participated in the study (N = 96). While we found no age difference for DoG, DD was
the lowest [i.e., self-control (SC) was the highest] in young/middle adults; however, it
was the highest (i.e., SC was the lowest) in children and old/oldest adults. Furthermore,
we found significant age differences for DD and FTP. As predicted, there were strong
correlations between DoG and FTP and between DD and FTP, but not between DoG/DD
and EFT. These results indicate that age differences in SR vary across themeasures used.
Individuals who generally think and act in a future-oriented manner have a stronger ability
to delay gratification.
Finanziert aus dem Open-Access-Publikationsfonds der Universität Siegen für Zeitschriftenartikel
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:467-21346
Appears in Collections:Geförderte Open-Access-Publikationen

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